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  • 1 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Department of Chemistry and Fuel Research Tokai-mura, Naka-gun 319-11 Ibaraki-ken Japan
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Abstract  

The filtration characteristics of solids generated in a simulated high level liquid waste (HLLW) were experimentally examined, when the simulated HLLW was processed according to the ordinary way of actual HLLW treatment process. The filtration characteristics of solids depended on the particle size. The phosphomolybdic acid, which was very fine particle with about 0.1 m diameter, made slurry a difficult-to-filter slurry, if the phosphomolybdic acid content (wt%) to the whole solids in a slurry exceeded 50 wt%. On the contrary, the zirconium compounds (zirconium molybdate and zirconium telluride) had positive effect on filtration characteristics because of their relatively large particle size of about 3 to 5 m. When the zirconium compounds content was above 50 wt%, slurry became a easy-to-filter slurry. A centrifugal sedimentation was discussed as a solid/liquid separation technique for very fine particles such as phosphomolybdic acid. The theoretical feed flow rate corresponded to 0.1 m diameter particles was about 20 l/h at the centrifugal acceleration of about 8000 G.