Authors:
J. Skorovarov All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology 33, Kashirskoe Shosse 115230 Moscow Russia

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L. Ruzin All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology 33, Kashirskoe Shosse 115230 Moscow Russia

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A. Lomonosov All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology 33, Kashirskoe Shosse 115230 Moscow Russia

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G. Tselitschev All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology 33, Kashirskoe Shosse 115230 Moscow Russia

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Abstract  

Phosphorites of sedimentary origin utilized in manufacturing of fertilizer contain uranium, thorium and products of their radioactive decay, as well as health-endangering compounds of cadmium, arsenic and fluorides. Some of them may transit into the phosphoric acid, when breaking down the phosphorites with sulphuric, acid, and then into the fertilizer. The purpose of the phosphoric acid cleaning is its decontamination from uranium and thorium as well as the removal of toxic cadmium. The above task can be achieved by solvent extraction. The paper presents the results of the extraction of uranium and cadmium from phosphoric acid using polyalkyl phosphasene and trioctyl amine, respectively. The extraction kinetics, equilibrium distribution of uranium and cadmium within the phases, the effect of extractant concentrations and temperature of the process is also discussed. The technological schemes for cleaning phosphoric acid from uranium and cadmium are given.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)