Authors:
A. El-Atrash Ain Shams University Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences Cairo (A.R. Egypt)

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A. Azzam Ain Shams University Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences Cairo (A.R. Egypt)

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N. Ghattas Ain Shams University Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences Cairo (A.R. Egypt)

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Abstract  

The surface properties of titanium hydroxide precipitates, formed under different conditions were studied in the presence of carrier-free radioactive89Sr. It was found that titanium with concentrations equivalent to 24 mg TiO2/litre, was enough to remove by adsorption more than 95% of the carrier-free strontium activity from an alkaline solution (pH≈13) in less than 6 hrs, regardless of whether the precipitate was freshly prepared or aged for a few days. If the precipitate was formed in situ, at the above pH value, the percentage removal of the strontium activity from the solution was even greater, and this was attributed to an internal adsorption process. At a lower pH value (∼2.5), however, the adsorption of strontium activity by titanium hydroxide was very low (<5%), whether the precipitate was preformed or formed in situ. The increase in the adsorption ability of titanium hydroxide precipitate on going from low pH (2. 5) to higher values was attributed to the inversion of the charge of titanium hydroxide sols from cationic particles at pH 2. 5 to negatively-charged particles at pH>3. 5, these latter particles adsorbing any positive strontium ions in solution.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)