The effect of phosphate ion on the filtration characteristics of solids generated in a high level liquid waste was experimentally
examined. Addition of phosphate ion into the simulated HLLW induced the formation of phosphate such as zirconium phosphate
and phosphomolybdic acid. The filtration rate of zirconium phosphate abruptly dropped in the midst of filtration because of
a gel-cake formation on the filter surface. The denitration of the simulated HLLW contained zirconium phosphate improved the
filterability of this gelatinous solid. The filtration rates of denitrated HLLW decreased with increase of the phosphate ion
concentration, since the solids formed by denitration had irregular particle size and configuration in the simulated HLLW
with phosphate ion. To increase the filtration rate of denitrated HLLW, a solid suspension filtration tester was designed.
The solid-suspension accelerated the filtration rate only in the simulated HLLW with more than 1500 ppm phosphate ion concentration.
Under this condition, the simple agitation can easily suspend the constituent solids of filter cake in the solution and a
much higher filtration rate can be obtained because the filter cake is continuously swept from the filter surface by rotation