Authors:
S. Glover Washington State University Department of Chemistry 99164-4630 Pullman WA USA

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R. Filby Washington State University Department of Chemistry 99164-4630 Pullman WA USA

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S. Clark Washington State University Department of Chemistry 99164-4630 Pullman WA USA

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Abstract  

The accurate and precise determination of232Th in biological samples is very important for the development of biokinetic models for thorium and for improving our knowledge on its distribution in human tissues. Radiochemical neutron activation analysis has long been one of the most sensitive methods for the determination of232Th. However, these determinations suffer in reliability because recovery information following the separation is not typically available. This information is particularly important for difficult matrices such as human bone where recoveries may be significantly less than unity. Also, the separation of difficult matrices following neutron activation may involve relatively high personal dose from the co-activated matrix. A novel approach for the determination of radiochemical yield has been developed which employs the use of a readily available, gamma-emitting isotope of thorium,227Th.227Th, obtained by radiochemical separation from227Ac, is added to each, dissolved sample prior to separation and the chemical yield determined by gamma-ray spectrometry following the separation. This pre-concentration step is then followed by neutron activation and the232Th determined via233Pa using gamma-ray spectrometry. Detection limits were approximately an order of magnitude lower than obtained by alpha-spectrometry.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)