Thirteen brain regions were dissected from both hemispheres of fifteen ‘normal’ ageing subjects (8 females, 7 males) of mean
age 79±7 years. Elemental compositions were determined by simultaneous application of particle induced X-ray emissions (PIXE)
and Rutherford backscattering (RBS) analyses using a 2 MeV, 4nA proton beam scaned over 4 mm2 of the sample surface. Elemental concentrations were found to be dependent upon the brain region and hemisphere studied.
Hierarchical cluster analysis was applied to group the brain regions according to the sample concentrations of eight elements.
The resulting dendrogram is preseted and its clusters related to the sample compositions of grey and white matter.