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  • 1 LASA, University and INFN Milano via F.lli Cervi 201, 20090 Segrate Milano Italy
  • 2 CNR, Centre for Radiochemistry and Activation Analysis and INFN Pavia Italy
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Abstract  

The increasing concentration of Pt, Pd and Rh in the environment is mainly due to the release of these elements from the catalytic converters of the motorvehicles. This situation makes it necessary to carry out metallotoxicological experiments on both cell cultures and laboratory animals, in order to assess their impact on living organisms after a Long Term and Low Level Exposure (LLE). Both nuclear reactionsnatIr(p,xn) andnatOs(α,xn) were investigated in the energy range up to 45 MeV for protons and 38 MeV for alpha-particles, in order to optimize the irradiation parameters for the production of188,189,191Pt. Several sets of thin- and thick-target excitation functions were determined experimentally by cyclotron irradiation at both Milano and Ispra cyclotrons. This paper reports the irradiation parameters studied and adopted and two radiochemical procedures for the separation of radio-Pt from an Os target, as well as from ruthenium, iridium and gold impurities. These procedures were used to obtain very high specific activity Pt radionuclides in No Carrier Added (NCA) form. Radionuclidic, radiochemical and chemical purity measurements were carred out by the use of several techniques like ψ-spectrometry, ion-exchange radio-chromatography, atomic absorption spectrometry and neutron activation analysis.