Author: H. Akçay 1
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  • 1 Dokuz Eylül University Department of Chemistry, Buca Eĝitin Faculty Tr. 35150 Buca-Izmir Turkey
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Abstract  

Clay minerals occur widely in nature and play a very important role in agriculture, mineral recovery and chemical manufacturing. Among the many properties which affect clay behaviour, water binding and ion exchanging appear to be the most important. The study of the cation exchange capacity of soils is of great theoretical and practical importance since the CEC determines in many ways the behavior of nutrients, chemical amendments, and many toxic compounds entering the sols. Sorption interactions with montmorillonite and other clay minerals in soils are potantially important mechanisms for attenuating the mobility of heavy metal cations through the subsurface environment. In this work the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of montmorillonite from west Anatolia, and sorptions with montmorillonite for attenuating the mobility of uranium were studied. The CEC value was found to be 77 meq/100 g montmorillonite. The relative importance of test parameters e.g., contact time, particle size, pH and U(+6) aqueous speciation was determined. The results show that sorption on montmorillonite is a funtion of pH depending strongly on the aqueous U(+6) species. It reaches a maximum at near neutral pH(pH}7). At low and at high pH solutions the sorption values of uranium are poor. These sorption values were attributed to the formation of aqueous U(+6) carbonate complexes in alkaline conditions and the ionexchange process between UO2+2 species and interlayer cations on montmorillonite in acidic solutions.

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  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.137
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.360
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 65
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Analytical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q2 Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Pollution
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Spectroscopy
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.186
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.408
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 60
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Pollution

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)