An experimental method was conducted to evaluate the minimum bubble nucleation energy of freon-12 for application in the superheated-liquid-droplet
(SLD) technique. The minimum energy needed for an incident particle to cause the bubble nucleation is based on the theoretical
calculation ofWmin/ηkrc value. The calculated value may mislead the result of measured intensity due to its under/overestimation ofWmin/ηkrc values at various temperatures. Nevertheless, the experimental evaluation ofWmin/ηkrc of freon-12 for causing the bubble nucleation is barely touched because the proper methodology has not developed fully. The
minimum energy needed to produce the bubble nucleation, can be evaluated by mixing the alpha-emitting nuclides with the SLD.
By direct hitting the SLD with alpha-particle, the energy deposited inside the SLD may cause the bubble nucleation if the
deposited energy is larger than theWmin/ηkrc of freon-12 droplet at that specific temperature. The experimental evaluated values in this study agree with the theoretical
estimation in 78% for SLD emulsion temperature within 22–34°C. Tests suggest that to apply the SLD in measuring the alpha-emitting
nuclides, the emulsion temperature should be maintained below 30°C to get a maximum efficiency and to avoid interference from
beta or gamma event.