Authors:
S. Murali Radiation Safety Systems Division India

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V. Natarajan Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Radiochemistry Division Mumbai 400 085 India

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R. Venkataramani Radiation Safety Systems Division India

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M. Sastry Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Radiochemistry Division Mumbai 400 085 India

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Abstract  

An Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) study of radiation induced free radicals in the commonly used detergent powder (Surf), was conducted to examine its potential application for retrospective/high level dosimetry, including possible dating of the accidents. The radical ions present in the irradiated detergent powder were identified as arising predominantly from sodium tri poly phosphate (Na3P5O10) and sodium sulphate (Na2SO4). The physical mixture of sodium tri poly phosphate and sodium sulphate in 4:1 ratio was found to give an ESR response, similar to that of the detergent powder. These results suggest that the detergent powder can be used as a dosimeter in the 20 Gy to 18 kGy dose range, spanning over 3 orders of magnitude. The second derivative ESR spectra of the detergent powder irradiated to different doses showed that the relative yield of the radicals is independent of irradiation dose. The decay pattern of radicals when followed as a function of post irradiation days, lead to the idea about the contrasting decay characteristics of the radicals. From the ESR signals of the irradiated detergent samples, it is shown that radiation dose can be evaluated and the radiation incident can be dated with an accuracy of ±10%.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)