The purpose of this study was twofold: the identification of some uranium compounds and a measurement of mixed U/Pu particles with different ratios of these elements. We used a Philips XL-30 scanning electron microscope equipped with an EDAX energy dispersive spectrometer with a Si(Li) detector and a super ultra-thin polymer window and with a Microspec wavelength dispersive spectrometer. A number of WDXRF and EDXRF spectra of U and Pu containing particles were accumulated and evaluated. The software package provided by the manufacturer was used for EDXRF spectra evaluation and calculation of the weight and atomic composition. Eight different U compounds were identified with a different degree of confidence. Several different types of U and Pu particles were measured using the WDXRF spectrometer and the results of the measurements are discussed. The measurement of mixed U-Pu particles showing large differences in the concentration of both elements can best be carried out with the use of WDXRF because the deconvolution of the M lines of U and Pu in the energy dispersive spectra is only possible over a relatively small concentration range. The results of particle analysis are very useful for verifying the absence of undeclared nuclear activities.