A certified reference material (CRM) for radionuclides in seawater, IAEA-381 (Irish Sea Water), is described and the results of certification are presented. The material has been certified for nine radionuclides (40K, 90Sr, 137Cs, 237Np, 238Pu, 239Pu,240Pu, 239,240Pu and 241Am). Information on massic activities with the corresponding 95% confidence intervals are given for eight radionuclides (3H, 125Sb, 234U, 235U, 236U, 238U, 241Pu and 244Cm). Less reported radionuclides include 60Co, 99Tc, and 242Pu. The CRM may be used for quality assurance/quality control of the analysis of radionuclides in environmental water samples, for the development and validation of analytical methods and for training purposes. The material is available from the IAEA in 5 kg units.