Surface soil samples (0–1 cm) were collected to understand the role of hot particle (HP) in migration of radionuclide approximately 11 years after the Chernobyl accident. Three types of HPs were found by the analyses using alpha-track technique and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (SEM/EDX). The dissolution of HPs has been affected by the existing type of HPs. Six-stage sequential selective extraction procedure was carried out to define the chemical forms of uranium, 241Am and 137Cs. The chemical form of radionuclides in surface soil is significantly different between the west and the north traces of radioactive plumes approximately 11 years after the accident.