Mössbauer spectroscopy is a dynamic field with applications ranging from physics to biology. This paper gives a review of Mössbauer spectroscopy activities carried out by different groups in China. About thirty groups are distributed all over China for both fundamental and practical aspects. In-beam Mössbauer setup was established at HIRAC accelerator in Lanzhou, and the nuclear scattering facility has already been planned at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Light Source. In this review, some recent developments and achievements are discussed, as examples: (1) Brownian motion in anisotropic media, (2) applications to archaeology, and (3) molecule-based magnetic materials.