The sorption of Th(IV) onto TiO2 was studied by the batch technique as a function of pH and ionic strength at moderate concentration (10-4-10-5 mol/l) and in the presence and absence of phosphate. It was found that the sorption rate of Th(IV) was relatively slow, the
sorption percent was abruptly increased from pH 2 to 4, and the sorption was decreased with increasing ionic strength as a
whole. In the concentration range of Th(IV) from trace concentration to 1.4 . 10-4 mol/l and in the absence of phosphate, the sorption isotherms were roughly fitted the Freundlich equation at different ionic
strengths and approximately constant pH. These sorption characteristics of Th(IV) onto TiO2 were compared with those of uranyl on the same sorbent. In addition, the positive effect of phosphate on the sorption of
Th(IV) onto TiO2 was demonstrated obviously and can be attributed to strong surface binding of phosphate, and the subsequent formation of
ternary surface complexes of Th(IV). The difference between the sorption characteristics of Th(IV) ions and uranyl ions onto
TiO2 is discussed.