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  • 1 Fuel Chemistry Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam 603 102, India
  • 2 Fuel Chemistry Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam 603 102, India
  • 3 Fuel Chemistry Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam 603 102, India
  • 4 Fuel Chemistry Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam 603 102, India
  • 5 Fuel Chemistry Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Kalpakkam 603 102, India
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Summary  

Commercially available polystyrene-divinylbenzene (PS-DVB) resins functionalized with isothiouronium (Tulsion CH-95), phosphinic acid (Tulsion CH-96) and methylene thiol (Tulsion CH-97) moieties have been used for separating palladium from nitric acid medium. Extraction of palladium has been studied as a function of time, concentration of nitric acid and palladium. The distribution coefficients (Kd, ml/g) of palladium on sulfur based resins (Tulsion CH-95 and Tulsion CH-97) are higher (5000-104ml/g in 0.1M nitric acid) than on Tulsion CH-96 resin and decrease with increasing concentration of nitric acid. The initial rate of extraction of palladium by Tulsion CH-95 and Tulsion CH-97 resins was very rapid and the time required for the establishment of equilibrium was a function of palladium concentration in the aqueous phase. The rate data could be fitted by a second order rate equation and the magnitude of rate constant for the extraction of palladium by these resins (~102M-1. min-1) decreased in the order of: Tulsion CH-95 > Tulsion CH-97 > Tulsion CH-96. The extraction isotherms of Tulsion CH-95 were fitted by Langmuir adsorption model and the coefficients were obtained by regression. The extraction capacity of palladium on Tulsion CH-95 was found to be ~20 mg/g at 3M nitric acid. Column experiments have been conducted and the data were fitted using Thomas model. A column utilization of 75% was achieved for the extraction of palladium by Tulsion CH-95 resin.