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  • 1 Universidade de Aveiro Departamento de Engenharia Cerâmica e do Vidro and CICECO 3810-193 Aveiro Portugal
  • 2 Instituto Tecnológico e Nuclear/CFMC Departamento de Química P-2686-953 Sacavém Portugal
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Abstract  

Samples of the composition of 10Fe2O3·10CaO·80SiO2 were prepared by the sol-gel method and heat-treated in different atmospheres. They were investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy. In the heat-treated samples in air iron is present up to 1000 °C in form of hematite and as Fe3+ in the tetrahedral sites. A wide range of hematite particle sizes was observed, the average size increased with heating temperature. At 1000 °C wollastonite was observed, at 1200 °C tridymite was formed and all the iron was incorporated in hematite. A heat-treatment at 500 °C under reducing conditions led to poorly crystallized maghemite and at 700 °C to metallic iron and fayalite formation.