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  • 1 Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute Kumatori-cho, Sennan-gun Osaka 590-0494 Japan
  • | 2 Nihon University College of Humanities and Sciences Sakurajosui, Setagaya-ku Tokyo 156-8550 Japan
  • | 3 Tokyo Metropolitan University Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 Japan
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Abstract  

Chemical compositions of spherules separated from deep sea sediment dredged off Hawaiian islands and from Antarctic ice were measured by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) using Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). Iron, cobalt, nickel, iridium, scandium and manganese contents in those spherules were determined to be 19.3–97.7%, 23–4370 mg·kg−1, 0.08–7.04%, 0.84–35.4 mg·kg−1, 1.4–44.3 mg·kg−1 and 93.4 mg·kg−1–7.2 %, respectively, and compared with each other. Particularly, iridium was detected in seven spherules among fourteen from Hawaii, but only one spherule among twenty-two from Antarctic, and those spherules turned out to be extraterrestrial in origin. However, it was shown that there was little difference in characteristics of elemental contents between both kinds of spherules, except for Ir-detected spherules.