Chemical composition is an important information of studying the provenance character of ancient pottery and porcelain. The
ancient celadon samples produced in Later Tang (850–907 A.D.) to Former Southern Song (1127–1279 A.D.) have been analyzed
with NAA. Its provenance characteristic was compared with that of Hongzhou Kiln of Jiangxi Province and Yaozhou Kiln of Shanxi
Province in this paper. The experimental data were studied with statistic methods. The results indicated that the chemical
compositions of ancient porcelain body samples made in three kilns were different. The difference is able to be identified.
The porcelain body materials of both Silongkou Yue Kiln and Hongzhou Kiln were similar. The samples of Yaozhou kiln in north
of China existed obvious difference.