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  • 1 Hokkaido University Faculty of Environmental Earth Science Sapporo 060-0810 Japan
  • | 2 Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Department of Environmental Sciences 2-4 Shirakata Shirane Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 Japan
  • | 3 Atomic Energy of Canada Limited Chalk River Laboratories Chalk River Ontario K0J1J0 Canada
  • | 4 Japan Atomic Energy Agency Tokai, Ibaraki Japan
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Abstract  

The association properties of Pu with aquatic humic substances in a 0.01M NaClO4 solution at pH 6–8 were studied on the basis of molecular size distribution. Seven humic substances were isolated from river water and groundwaters using XAD extraction technique. They were used for comparing their effects on the association of Pu. In the presence of humic acid, the dominant molecular size of Pu was 100–30 kDa. In the presence of fulvic acid, Pu exhibited three dominant molecular sizes: 30–10 kDa, 30–5 kDa, and less than 5 kDa. The association of Pu-humus complexes might be controlled by the molecular size distribution of humic substances and characteristics of their respective size fractions.