Authors:
M. Inoue Kanazawa University Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1224 Japan

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K. Komura Kanazawa University Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1224 Japan

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Abstract  

To enrich cosmogenic 7Be and 22Na, artificial 137Cs and natural radium isotopes, three chemical methods were applied to large volumes (100–300 l) of ground water from Daisen Volcano, Japan. The co-precipitation method using BaSO4, Fe(OH)3 and AMP, yielded 7Be, 137Cs and radium isotope levels of nearly 100%. An ordinary ion-exchange column method, selectively recovered 22Na (77%) through two continuous column operations. 40K was satisfactorily removed in both, the co-precipitation and column methods. In addition, the simple batch method was suitable for rapid treatment even on the slope of a volcano without sacrificing yields. Low-background γ-spectrometry combined with these chemical treatments enabled the determination of extremely low-levels of 7Be, 22Na, 137Cs and radium isotopes (0.01–4 mBq/l) in ground water samples. The measurement of these nuclides of Daisen ground water provide new information on the flow system of volcanic water, including residence time, the mixing of precipitation, and the aquifer’s environment.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)