Pleurotus citrinopileatus, a species of edible mushrooms, is widely accepted food component, especially in Indian subcontinent. The accumulating susceptibility
of this edible mushroom species towards long-lived radioisotopes of cesium was studied in controlled laboratory condition
using the 134Cs (T1/2 = 2.06 y) radioisotope. It was observed that the experimental mushroom species accumulated 134Cs and maximum accumulation took place in the cap portion. The pileus (cap)/stipes (stem) ratio of each 134Cs accumulated mushroom sample was determined and found 2.22±0.74. The protein and fat fractions of the experimental mushroom
species were extracted separately after accumulation of radiocesium and it was found that most of the radiocesium accumulation
occurred in the protein fraction of the mushroom. The mushroom Pleurotus citrinopileatus which is white in color, turned completely black after radiocesium accumulation. The black mushroom so obtained was produced
upto fourth generation by tissue culture method without using any radiocesium further. All the successors were found to be
black indicating a permanent mutation of the mushroom species.