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  • 1 University of West Bohemia Faculty of Applied Sciences Husova 11 306 14 Pilsen Czech Republic
  • 2 Prague Institute of Chemical Technology Technická 5 166 28 Prague 6 Czech Republic
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Abstract  

From extraction experiments and γ-activity measurements, the exchange extraction constants corresponding to the general equilibrium M+(aq)+NaL+(nb)⇔ML+(nb)+Na+(aq) taking place in the two-phase water-nitrobenzene system [M+=Li+, K+, Rb+, Cs+; L = p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene-tetrakis (N, N-dimethylthioacetamide); aq = aqueous phase, nb = nitrobenzene phase] were evaluated. Furthermore, the stability constants of the ML+ complexes in water saturated nitrobenzene were calculated; they were found to increase in the cation order Cs+<Rb+<K+<Li+<Na+.