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  • 1 Atomic Energy Commission Department of Chemistry P.O. Box 6091 Damascus Syria
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Uranium concentrations were analyzed in the Syrian phosphate deposits. Mean concentrations were found between 50 and 110 ppm. As a consequence, an average phosphate dressing of 22 kg/ha phosphate would charge the soil with 5–20 g/ha uranium when added as a mineral fertilizer. Fine grinding phosphate produced at the Syrian mines was used for uranium recovery by carbonate leaching. The formation of the soluble uranyl tricarbonate anion UO2(CO3)34− permits using alkali and sodium bicarbonate salts for the nearly selective dissolution of uranium from phosphate. Separation of iron, aluminum, titanium, etc., from uranium during leaching was carried out. Formation of some small amounts of molybdates, vanadates, phosphates, aluminates, and some complex metals was investigated. This process could be used before the manufacture of Tri-Super Phosphate (TSP) fertilizer, and the final products would contain less uranium quantities.