Epithermal instrumental neutron activation analysis (EINAA) technique in conjunction with anti-coincidence gamma-ray spectrometry
(AC) has been applied for the determination of ppm to ppb levels of iodine in biological materials containing high levels
of Al, Br, Cl, K, Mn, and Na. Both conventional EINAA-AC and pseudo-cyclic EINAA-AC (PC-EINAA-AC) methods using a combination
of Cd and B filters have been developed using Dalhousie University SLOWPOKE-2 reactor (DUSR) facility. The expanded uncertainties
(EU), at about 95% confidence level, for iodine in biological materials by EINAA-AC varied between 6 and 10%. The advantages
of the non-destructive PC-EINAA-AC method has been successfully demonstrated by analyzing the NIST Pine Needles (SRM 1575)
containing a low amount of iodine in presence of high quantities of Mn and other interfering elements where an iodine content
of 92.8 μg kg−1 with an EU of 6.1 μg kg−1 and a detection limit of 40 μg kg−1 has been obtained at the end of fourth cycle.