Authors:
Hwan-Seo Park Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Advanced Fuel Cycle Development 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 305-353 South Korea

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In-Tae Kim Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Advanced Fuel Cycle Development 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 305-353 South Korea

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Yong-Jun Cho Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Advanced Fuel Cycle Development 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 305-353 South Korea

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Mi-Sook Son Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Advanced Fuel Cycle Development 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 305-353 South Korea

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Hee-Chul Eun Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute Advanced Fuel Cycle Development 150 Deokjin-dong, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 305-353 South Korea

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Abstract  

Radioactive molten salt generated from a pyrochemical process to separate reusable U and TRU elements is one of problematic wastes to manage for a final disposal. For the minimization of final waste, it is desirable to selectively remove radionuclides from the waste salts. In this paper, structural change of some zeolites in a series of molten salt systems and its removal behavior of CsCl was investigated. Zeolite-4A(LTA) was transformed into LiAlSiO4 and Li-sodalite with the mol-fraction of LiCl in LiCl–KCl system at 650 °C while it was not changed in NaCl–KCl at 750 °C, regardless of mol-fraction of metal chloride. Other commercial zeolite with specific structure (FAU) had the same trends on the structural stability in molten salt system. From the Cs removal experiments, the decomposed zeolitic materials in molten salt lost their removal ability of Cs. In conclusion, a new selective material or method should be investigated or developed for obtaining the validity on the separation of group I and II radionuclides from a molten waste salt because the zeolite 4A is unstable in the LiCl system and it also showed a low capacity in the LiCl–KCl phase. This paper gives basic information on the removal of radionuclides from molten systems by using zeolitic materials.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)