Authors:
S. NandyBhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe Radiation Medicine Centre, Bio-Medical Group Parel Mumbai 400012 India

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M. RajanBhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe Radiation Medicine Centre, Bio-Medical Group Parel Mumbai 400012 India

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Abstract  

[18F]-3′-deoxy-3′-fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT) is an established positron emission tomograph (PET)—radiopharmaceutical to study cell-proliferation rate in tumors. Very low practical yield, uncertain and time-consuming high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) purification, are the main obstacles for the routine use of [18F]FLT in clinical PET. To obviate these difficulties, we have developed a fully automated radiosynthesis procedure for [18F]FLT using 5′-O-(4,4′-dimethoxytriphenylmethyl)-2,3′-anhydro-thymidine (DMTThy) and simplified single neutral alumina column purification. The [18F]FLT yield was 8.48 ± 0.93% (n = 5) (without radioactive decay correction) in a synthesis time of 68 ± 3 min. The radiochemical purity was greater than 95% as confirmed by analytical HPLC using reference standard FLT and also free of non-radioactive impurity. Soluble aluminum in the final product was much below the permissible limits. Di-methyl sulfoxide (DMSO), the reaction medium, could be detected in the final product in trace amounts, well below the permissible levels. The synthesized [18F]FLT was sterile and bacterial endotoxin free by appropriate tests. PET imaging study in normal rabbits showed distinct localization of [18F]FLT in organs having rapid cell division rate like bone marrow, guts and snout and the excretion was through the renal route. There were no significant uptakes in bone and brain. The former finding confirms the in vivo stability of the [18F]FLT. This simplified radiosynthesis procedure can easily be adapted in any commercial or indigenous [18F]FDG synthesis module for routine [18F]FLT synthesis without the need of additional automation for HPLC purification.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)