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  • 1 Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research Fuel Chemistry Division Kalpakkam 603 102 India
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Abstract  

The electrochemical behavior of ruthenium(III) and rhodium(III) in nitric acid medium has been studied at platinum and stainless steel electrodes by cyclic voltammetry. The cyclic voltammograms consisted of surge in cathodic current occurring at potentials of −0.13 V (Vs. Pd) and −0.15 V (Vs. Pd), which culminates into peaks at −0.47 V and −0.5 V due to the reductions of Ru(III) and Rh(III) to their metallic forms, respectively. Electrodeposition was carried out at stainless steel electrode and unlike palladium, the recovery of ruthenium and rhodium was limited to ~4% and ~14%, respectively. However, a different scenario was observed in case of electrodeposition from a ternary solution containing all these platinum metals. Ruthenium and rhodium deposited underpotentially in the presence of palladium and the recovery of ~20% and ~5% was observed for ruthenium and rhodium, respectively. Evolution of RuO4 at the anode and deposition of RuO2 in the anodic side was observed in all cases during electrolysis of ruthenium(III) containing solutions.