View More View Less
  • 1 Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, 400085 India
Restricted access

Abstract  

Simultaneous measurement of gross alpha and gross beta activities by liquid scintillation counting technique using LKB Wallac Quantulus 1220 liquid scintillation counter (LSC) equipped with Pulse Shape Analyzer (PSA) is described. Three sets of pure alpha and pure beta standards simulating the activity concentration values of real samples in terms of α/β activity ratios were used to calibrate the LSC. Calibration methodology for the Quantulus 1220 with respect to the above measurements using 241Am and 90Sr/90Y standards of respective activity concentrations of ~25 dpm and ~104 dpm is described in detail. Also highlighted the need to calibrate the LSC using another set of 241Am and 90Sr/90Y standards of low and high activity concentrations respectively. The practicability and working performance of these calibration plots was checked by the validation trials with test samples spiked with 241Am and 90Sr/90Y covering range of α/β activity ratios from 1:1 to 1:50.