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  • 1 Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute 1045 Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu Deajeon Republic of Korea
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Abstract  

The removal of Cs and Re (as a surrogate for Tc) by selective precipitation from the simulated fission products which were co-dissolved with uranium during the oxidative dissolution of spent fuel in a Na2CO3–H2O2 solution was investigated in this study. The precipitations of Cs and Re were examined by introducing sodium tetraphenylborate (NaTPB) and tetraphenylohosponium chloride (TPPCl), respectively. The precipitation of Cs by NaTPB and that of Re by TPPCl each took place within 5 min, and an increase in temperature up to 50 °C and a stirring speed up to 1000 rpm hardly affected their precipitation rates. The most important factor in the precipitation with NaTPB and TPPCl was found to be a pH of the solution after precipitation. Since Mo tends to co-precipitate with Cs or Re at a lower pH, an effective precipitation with NaTPB and TPPCl was done at pH of above 9 without the co-precipitation of Mo. More than 99% of Cs and Re were precipitated when the initial concentration ratio of NaTPB to Cs was above 1 and when that of TPPCl to Re was above 1. The precipitation of Cs and Re was never affected by the concentration of Na2CO3 and H2O2, even though they were raised up to 1.5 and 1.0 M, respectively. Precipitation yields of Cs and Re in a Na2CO3–H2O2 solution were found to be dependent on the concentration ratios of [NaTBP]/[Cs] and [TPPCl]/[Re].