Authors:
S. Nandy Radiation Medicine Centre, Bio-Medical Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Parel, Mumbai, 400012 India

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M. Rajan Radiation Medicine Centre, Bio-Medical Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tata Memorial Hospital Annexe, Parel, Mumbai, 400012 India

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Abstract  

1-H-1-(3-[18F]fluoro-2-hydroxypropyl)-2-nitroimidazole ([18F]FMISO), is the most used hypoxia-imaging agent in oncology and we have recently reported a fully automated procedure for its synthesis using the Nuclear Interface FDG module and a single neutral alumina column for purification. Using 1-(2′-nitro-1′-imidazolyl)-2-O-tetra-hydropyranyl-3-O-toluenesulfonylpropanediol (NITTP) as the precursor, we have investigated the yield of [18F]FMISO using different reaction times, temperatures, and the amount of precursor. The overall yield was 48.4 ± 1.2% (n = 3), (without decay correction) obtained using 10 mg NITTP with the radio-fluorination carried out at 145 °C for 3 min followed by acid hydrolysis for 3 min at 125 °C in a total synthesis time of 32 ± 1 min. Increasing the precursor amount to 25 mg did not improve the overall yield under identical reaction conditions, with the decay uncorrected yield being 46.8 ± 1.6% (n = 3), but rather made the production less economical. It was also observed that the yield increased linearly with the amount of NITTP used, from 2.5 to 10 mg and plateaued from 10 to 25 mg. Radio-fluorination efficiency at four different conditions was also compared. It was also observed by radio thin layer chromatography (radio-TLC) that the duration of radio-fluorination of NITTP, not the radio-fluorination temperature favoured the formation of labeled thermally degraded product, but the single neutral alumina column purification was sufficient enough to obtain [18F]FMISO devoid of any radiochemical as well as cold impurities.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)