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  • 1 Department of Nuclear Chemistry, Czech Technical University in Prague, Břehová 7, 115 19 Prague 1, Czech Republic
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Abstract  

Behavior of cadmium(II) in aqueous solutions irradiated by accelerated electrons was studied. A concentration of 8.8 × 10−4 mol L−1 of cadmium dissolved from Cd(NO3)2 requires dose of 15 kGy to be effectively removed from the system containing 1 × 10−2 mol L−1 of HCOOK as a scavenger of OH radicals. The positive effect of deaeration with N2O or N2 was observed in the range of lower doses. The addition of solid modifiers (bentonite, active carbon, zeolite, Cu2O, NiO, TiO2 and CuO) reduced the effectivity of radiation removal of cadmium. Product of irradiation is CdCO3. On the contrary, in the system with cadmium dissolved from CdCl2 radiation reduction takes place. Systems contained organic complexants (ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid–EDTA, citric acid) were also studied. The solutions of Cd(NO3)2 containing initial concentration 2.37 × 10−4 mol L−1 of CdII were mixed with 3 × 10−4 mol L−1 EDTA. In this system the efficient degradation proceeds up to 90% at a dose of 45 kGy with addition of 5 × 10−3 mol L−1 carbonate (pH 10.5). The product of irradiation is CdCO3. The presence of 1 × 10−2 mol L−1 of HCOOK in the solution is necessary for radiation removal of cadmium complexed with citric acid (1 × 10−3 mol L−1) at pH 8. With increasing concentration of HCOOK (up to 5 × 10−2 mol L−1) decreases the pH value necessary for the radiation induced precipitation of cadmium. The best result was obtained in the system containing zeolite as a solid modifier.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

  • Impact Factor (2019): 1.137
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2019): 0.360
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2019): 65
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Analytical Chemistry
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q2 Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Pollution
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
  • SJR Quartile Score (2019): Q3 Spectroscopy
  • Impact Factor (2018): 1.186
  • Scimago Journal Rank (2018): 0.408
  • SJR Hirsch-Index (2018): 60
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • SJR Quartile Score (2018): Q2 Pollution

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
4
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)