Authors:
J. Soriano-Rodríguez

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V. Badillo-Almaraz Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. México-Toluca S/N (km. 36.5), La Marquesa, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de México, Mexico

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C. Alliot

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F. Monroy-Guzmán Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Carr. México-Toluca S/N (km. 36.5), La Marquesa, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de México, Mexico

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P. Vitorge

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Abstract  

The sorption of Pd(II) on hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) has been studied at 25 °C as a function of pH, in 0.01 M NaClO4, and 0.01 and 0.025 M Ca(ClO4)2 aqueous background electrolytes and Pd(II) concentration (9.3 to 47 μM), trying to minimize some types of reactions, such as solid dissolution of and metal precipitation. The radiotracer palladium, 109Pd, obtained by neutron irradiation, has been used to calculate the palladium’s distribution coefficients Kd between aqueous and solid phase. A mathematical treatment of results has been made by ion-exchange theory in order to interpret palladium sorption onto treated solid. For this, we take into account the existence of active sites at the hydroxyapatite surface, and the aqueous solution chemistry of palladium as well as the effect of phosphate anions from solid dissolution. The results can be explained as evidence of sorption of the species PdOH+, and of a mixed hydroxo complex of Pd2+ like (XCaO)–PdOH+·nH2O fixed onto {≡Ca–OH} surface sites of the hydroxyapatite.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)