A very sensitive and selective flow injection on-line determination method of thorium (IV) after preconcentration in a minicolumn
having XAD-4 resin impregnated with N-benzoylphenylhydroxylamine is described. Thorium (IV) was selectively adsorbed from aqueous solution of pH 4.5 in a minicolumn
at a flow rate of 13.6 mL min−1, eluted with 3.6 mol dm−3 HCl (5.6 mL min−1), mixed with arsenazo-III (0.05% in 3.6 mol dm−3 HCl stabilized with 1% Triton X-100, 5.6 mL min−1) at confluence point and taken to the flow through cell of spectrophotometer where its absorbance was measured at 660 nm.
Peak height was used for data analyses. The preconcentration factors obtained were 32 and 162, detection limits of 0.76 and
0.150 μg L−1, sample throughputs of 40 and 11 h−1 for preconcentration times of 60 and 300 s, respectively. The tolerance levels for Zr(IV) and U(VI) metal ions is increased
to 50-folds higher concentration to Th(IV). The proposed method was applied on different spiked tap water, sea water and biological
sample and good recovery was obtained. The method was also applied on certified reference material IAEA-SL1 (Lake Sediment)
for the determination of thorium and the results were in good agreement with the reported value.