A flow injection on-line determination of uranium(VI) after preconcentration in a minicolumn having amberlite XAD-4 resin
impregnated with dibenzoylmethane (DBM) is described. Uranium(VI) is selectively adsorbed from aqueous solution of pH 5.5
in the minicolumn (5.5 cm long with 5.0 mm i.d.) at a flow rate of 13.6 mL min−1. The uranium(VI) complex was desorbed from the resin by 0.1 mol dm−3 HCl at a flow rate of 4.2 mL min−1 and mixed with arsenazo-III solution (0.05% solution in 0.1 mol dm−3 HCl, 4.2 mL min−1), and taken to the flow through cell of spectrophotometer where its absorbance was measured at 651 nm. Various parameters
affecting the complex formation and its elution were optimized. Peak height (absorbance) was used for data analyses. The preconcentration
factors of 36 and 143, detection limits of 0.9 and 0.232 μg L−1, sample throughputs of 40 and 10 were obtained for preconcentration time of 60 and 300 s, respectively. The tolerance limits
of many interfering cations like Th(IV) and rare-earth elements were improved. The proposed method was applied on different
water (spiked tap, well and sea water) and biological samples and good recovery was obtained. The method was also validated
on mocked uranium ore sample and the results were in good agreement with the reported value.