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  • 1 Departamento de Química, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, Apdo. Postal 18-1027, 11801 Mexico, DF, Mexico
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Abstract  

Complex formation of humic acids (HA)n with La3+ and Eu3+ was studied. Commercial (HA)n was purified and characterized. The stability constants were determined at several pH values and 0.2 M NaClO4 ionic strength by the Shubert’s method of radiochemical ionic exchange. The slopes of the lines
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\log ((\lambda_{0} /\lambda ) - 1) = \log \beta_{\text{M,j(HA)n}}^{\exp } + {\text{j}} * \log \left[ { ( {\text{HA)}}_{\text{n}} } \right]$$ \end{document}
were dependent on the [(HA)n]. The values of log
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\beta_{\text{M,j(HA)n}}^{\exp }$$ \end{document}
for j = 1 were the following: 6.29 ± 0.04 (pH 4.9 ± 0.4) and 7.61 ± 0.03 (pH 5.9 ± 0.1) for lanthanum and 7.31 ± 0.01 (pH 5.9 ± 0.2) for europium. Log
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\beta_{\text{M,j(HA)n}}^{\exp }$$ \end{document}
was determined as well for higher values of the j parameter and these values were: 12.2 ± 0.1 (j = 2, pH 7.7 ± 0.2), 15.6 ± 0.2 (j = 3, pH 4.9 ± 0.4) and 16.05 ± 0.07 (j = 3, pH 5.9 ± 0.1), for lanthanum and 13.18 ± 0.03 (j = 2, pH 5.9 ± 0.1) for europium. A discussion is presented about the complex formation regarding pH and [(HA)n].