Authors:
N. Sonar Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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Vaishali De Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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V. Pardeshi Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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Y. Raghvendra Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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T. Valsala Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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M. Sonavane Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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Y. Kulkarni Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Tarapur, 401 504 India

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Raj Kanwar Waste Management Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, 400 085 India

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Abstract  

99Tc is one of the long lived fission product with high fission yield. From radioactive waste management point of view it is very much essential to evaluate the concentration of technetium in the radioactive liquid waste in order to finalise the treatment process to extract/isolate it from the stream which is discharged to the environment. For the estimation of 99Tc in the radioactive liquid waste stream, extraction of the stable complex of technetium-tetraphenyl arsonium chloride (TPAC) into chloroform followed by beta counting was studied. Various parameters like pH, time of equilibration, concentration of TPAC in chloroform, use of other solvent for extraction as well as interference of various other radionuclides present in the waste were also studied. The radioactive liquid waste being handled in plant contains high concentrations of salts in the form of sodium nitrate. Hence effect of salt concentration on the percentage extraction was also evaluated. The extraction behavior does not dependent on change in the pH of the solution. Almost 99.5% extraction was observed in the pH range of 1–13.0. High concentration of salt is affecting the extraction. However, this can be taken care by diluting the radioactive waste. It takes almost 90 min time for maximum extraction. Presence of radionuclides like 137Cs, 90Sr are not interfering the extraction of 99Tc. However, 106Ru is getting slightly extracted along with 99Tc. The error due to 106Ru can be eliminated by taking gamma spectrum and deducting the activity from the total beta activity to get 99Tc activity. Nitrobenzene can be used for extraction of Tc–TPAC complex in place of chloroform.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)