Tobacco smoking/chewing has been a cause of concern because of it being related with oral cancer. It causes stimulation and
ill physiological effects. Ten different brands of spit tobacco, eight gutkaas and five paan masalas have been analyzed for
seven minor (Al, Na, K, Ca, Cl, Mg, and P) and 17 trace (As, Ba, Br, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Eu, Fe, Hg, La, Mn, Rb, Sb, Sc, Th, and
Zn) elements by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Also Ni and Pb were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
Concentration of Cd was below detection limit (<10 mg kg−1) in the tobacco samples. Mg, generally added as MgCO3 to prevent caking, is present as minor constituent in spit tobacco and gutkaas but is below detection limit (<1 g kg−1) in paan masalas. Most elemental concentrations vary in a wide range depending on the nature of chewing tobacco. Spit tobacco
has been found to be more enriched in essential elements (Ca, K, Na, P, Mn, and Rb), whereas gutkaas contain higher concentrations
of Fe, Cr, Cu, and Zn. Paan masalas contain lower contents of other elements but higher content of Hg. Gutkaas also contain
higher amounts of As and Pb. Further glutamic acid has been separated from tobacco leaves and characterized as it might bind
with some elements.