Authors:
M. Alrakabi Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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G. Singh Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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A. Bhalla Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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S. Kumar Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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S. Kumar Department of Applied Sciences, Chitkara University, Patiala, India

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A. Srivastava Department of Chemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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B. Rai Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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N. Singh Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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J. Shahi Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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D. Mehta Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 160014 India

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Abstract  

The elemental concentration of uranium in the samples collected from the ground water and the canal water in the Bathinda district of Punjab state, India, have been investigated using X-ray fluorescence technique. The residues obtained after drying the water samples were analysed using the energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer consisting of Mo-anode X-ray tube equipped with selective absorbers as an excitation source and an Si(Li) detector. The uranium concentration values in significant fraction of the shallow ground water samples from the hand pumps is found to be above the permissible level of 15 ppb recommended by World Health Organisation for the drinking water, and its values in the canal water samples are below 5 ppb. To investigate the flyash from the coal-fired thermal power plants as a possible source of ground water contamination, the water samples collected from the surroundings of the power plants and the flyash samples were also analyzed. The results rule out flyash as a source of uranium contamination. Agrochemical processes occurring in the calcareous soils in the region are the favoured potential source of uranium contamination of the ground water.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)