Authors:
A. Abdel-Rassoul Atomic Energy Establishment Cairo (Egypt)

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H. Aly Atomic Energy Establishment Cairo (Egypt)

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A. Borhan Tanta University Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science (Egypt)

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M. Abdel-Hamid Atomic Energy Establishment Cairo (Egypt)

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Abstract  

The kinetics of the exchange of sulphate and chloride ions on the strongly basic anion exchanger Dowex 1X8, of different particle diameters is investigated. The diffusion coefficient values are calculated by two diferent methods, discussed in the light of the processes governing the exchange reactions encountered, and found to be mainly controlled by particle diffusion. The distribution behaviour of sulphate, sulphite, thiosulphate and sulphide between aqueous KCl solutions of different concentrations and a number of selected anion exchange resins is studied. The data are explained on the premises of the different interactions involved in both aqueous and resineous phases. The effect of the alkali metal chloride molarities in the aqueous phase (LiCl, NaCl and KCl) on the exchange behaviour of the different S-anions is also investigated. The results are interpreted in the light of the water—water interaction and the competition for hydration between the alkali metal cations and the exchanged S-anions.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)