A survey is given on the use of X-ray spectroscopy for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of samples activated by 30
MeV bremsstrahlung from an electron linear accelerator. Detection limits are calculated from the measured X-ray spectra and
compared with those for γ-ray spectroscopy. The advantages and limitations of the method are discussed. Some practical applications
of X-ray spectroscopy in nondestructive multielement analysis are quoted.