Authors:
H. Higuchi Rikkyo University Institute for Atomic Energy Yokosuka Japan

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K. Tomura Rikkyo University Institute for Atomic Energy Yokosuka Japan

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H. Hamaguchi University of Tokyo Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science Hongo Tokyo Japan

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Abstract  

A Ge(Li) detector combined with cation exchange separation has been used for the determination of 12 rare-earth elements (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu) in rock samples by neutron activation analysis. After purification by the conventional hydroxide-fluoride precipitation, the rare-earth elements are separated into two fractions, light (La-Tb) and heavy (Ho-Lu), by EDTA cation exchange, and the γ-activities of the two fractions are measured by a Ge(Li) detector. The heavy rare-earths, such as Ho, Er, and Tm, can be easily γ-counted without serious interference from the intense Compton background and photopeaks due to the light rare-earths such as140La,153Sm,152Eu, and160Tb. The chemical yields (60%) for the individual rare-earths are determined by a reactivation technique. The results obtained for the U.S. Geological Survey standard rocks G-1 and W-1 are compared with the previously reported data.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)