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  • 1 Southern Universities Nuclear Institute P.O. Box 17 7131 Faure (South Africa)
  • 2 The State Museum P.O. Box 1203 9000 Windhoek (South West Africa)
  • 3 University of Cape Town Computing Service 7700 Rondebosch (South Africa)
  • 4 University of Cape Town Department of Analytical Science 7700 Rondebosch (South Africa)
  • 5 University of Cape Town Department of Statistical Mathematics 7700 Rondebosch (South Africa)
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Data on the concentrations of K, Ca, Ti, Fe, Cu, Zn, Ga, Rb, Sr and Zr obtained by PIXE and of B, F, Na, Mg, Al, Si and Cu obtained by proton-induced prompt gamma-ray spectrometry were used to characterize archaeological artefacts and source materials by multivariate analysis. The mathematical approaches employed were cluster analysis using nearest-neighbour data, multidimensional scaling and correspondence analysis.