Authors:
L. De Norre Institute for Nuclear Sciences Proeftuinstraat 86 B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

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J. De Beeck Institute for Nuclear Sciences Proeftuinstraat 86 B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

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J. Hoste Institute for Nuclear Sciences Proeftuinstraat 86 B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

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Abstract  

A method has been developed for routine determination of cadmium in zinc ores by thermal neutron absorption analysis, based on the attenuation of a thermal neutron flux passing through a neutron absorbing material. The thermal neutron flux is related to the52V-activity induced in a vanadium detector, surrounded by pellets pressed from a mixture of powdered material with graphite. Besides cadmium, also the major constitutents zinc, iron and sulfur contribute significantly to the total attenuation of the thermal neutron flux. Calibration lines for these elements are worked out. All irradiations are carried out for 200 s in the partially thermalized neutron flux of a 5 Ci227Ac—Be isotope neutron source. After a decay of 30 s, the52V-activity of the vanadium detector is measured for 400 s with a NaI(T1) scintillation detector. The analysis sequence, including the computation of the results from the counting data, is automated by means of a LSI—11 microprocessor with 12K×16 bit memory. Zinc ores, containing 0.02 to 1.45% cadmium, have been analyzed with a precision ranging from 12.6% to 0.54% relative. As a test for the reliability of the method, two NBS standard reference materials were analyzed in the same way as the zinc ore samples.

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Journal of Radionalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1968
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
12
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 0236-5731 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2780 (Online)