Nondestructive neutron activation analysis has been used for the analysis of 17 out of 24 elements in 12 samples of air particulate matter collected from various localities in Benghazi. Both relative and monostandard methods were used. The neutron activation method was supplemented with graphite furnace atomic absorption, so that most toxic elements could be assayed in the same samples. Thus Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn could be analysed quantitatively in most of the samples. It has been found that contamination of the atmosphere of Benghazi with dust is largely due to heavy construction work in the city, action of wind on the surface of land around the city and the release of exhaust products from vehicles and airplanes. Particular contamination due to industrial activities was not noticeable. Results on samples from Benghazi were compared with those from Prague, Munich and Sendai.