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  • 1 Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, pl. M. C. Skłodowskiej 2, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
  • | 2 Zoology and Ecology Department, SEM Laboratory, Catholic University of Lublin, Kraśnicka St. 102, 20-718 Lublin, Poland
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Abstract  

The results of Cr(VI) adsorption on the red clay modified by hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide are given. The adsorption isotherm of Cr(VI) is determined based on the Langmuir–Freundlich model and exhibits the adsorption capacity of 0.0005 mol/g in relation to Cr(VI). The study of the pH effect showed that the optimal pH range corresponding to the Cr(VI) adsorption maximum on this clay is 2–6.5. Thermal analysis of the modified adsorbent, i.e., Na/HDTMA-clay, shows two DTG peaks at 58–61 and 241 °C. The first one is a consequence of dehydration of the modified clay sample. The other DTG peak results from evaporation and pyrolysis of HDTMA adsorbed on the clay. In the case of Na/HDTMA-Cr-clay three peaks appear at: 64, 232, and 340 °C. The third DTG peak is related to the oxidation of surfactant. Moreover, the raw mineral shows the peak at 543 °C attributed to the clay dehydroxylation.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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