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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115-2406, USA
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Abstract  

This study examines the polymerization of dental monomers catalyzed by synthesized acylphosphine oxides in a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) cell. This research focuses on establishing a relationship between radicals generated by the acylphosphine oxide photoinitiators and the kinetic reaction rates of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and acrylamide (ACM), a model monomer. The thermal stability of mono- and di-acylphosphine oxides was examined by DSC. Endothermic melting and exothermic polymerization reactions initiated with the two initiators were recorded. The acrylamide model system laid the ground work for the critical evaluation of the synthesized new initiators of mono (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) diphenylphosphine oxide, and bis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phenylphosphine oxide. The bis(acyl) phosphine oxide photoinitiator was more reactive than the mono-(acyl) phosphine oxide with methyl methacrylates under laboratory conditions. In exothermic reactions, temperatures rose higher and more rapidly for bis(acyl) phosphine oxide initiated reactions than mono-(acyl) phosphine oxide initiated reactions.