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  • 1 Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270 Pakistan
  • | 2 Fuel Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Karachi, 75280 Pakistan
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The effect of microwave heating was studied in six varieties of edible oil. Variations in physicochemical properties were observed and compared with the data obtained by hot plate heating. Fourier-transform infrared spectra of the oils showed substantial variations after both types of heating in the region of hydrogen’s stretching (C–H) vibration, region of double bond’s stretching (C=O), and fingerprint region. The visible spectra of mustard and olive oil showed the reduction in carotenoid, flavonoid, and chlorophyll pigments after heating. The oil samples were discriminated as saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fats using chemometric techniques on physical and spectroscopic measurements.

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