View More View Less
  • 1 Doctoral Program, Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (NYUST), 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan, ROC
  • | 2 Department of General Education Center, Chienkuo Technology University, 1, Chieh Shou N. Rd., Changhua, 50094 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 3 Institute of Safety and Disaster Prevention Technology, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 666, Buzih Rd., Taichung, 40601 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 4 Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering, NYUST, 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan, ROC
Restricted access

Abstract  

Pooling lauroyl peroxide (LPO) with nitric acid, we used differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to assess the thermokinetic parameters, such as exothermic onset temperature (T0), heat of decomposition (ΔHd), frequency factor (A), and the other safety parameters. When LPO was contaminated with nitric acid (HNO3), we found the exploder 1-nitrododecane. Obvious products were sensitive and hazardous chemicals. Concentration reaching 1–12 N HNO3 emitted a large amount of heat. This study combined with curve-fitting method to elucidate its unsafe characteristics and thermally sensitive structure to help prevent runaway reactions, fires and explosions in the process environment. According to the findings and the concept of inherently safer design, LPO runaway reactions could be adequately prevented in the relevant plants.

To see the editorial board, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Manuscript Submission: HERE

For subscription options, please visit the website of Springer Nature.

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

Monthly Content Usage

Abstract Views Full Text Views PDF Downloads
Feb 2022 2 0 0
Mar 2022 0 1 0
Apr 2022 1 0 0
May 2022 0 0 0
Jun 2022 2 0 0
Jul 2022 1 0 0
Aug 2022 0 0 0