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  • 1 Department of Fire Science, WuFeng University, 117, Chian-Kuo Rd., Sec. 2, Min-Hsiung, Chiayi, 62153 Taiwan, ROC
  • | 2 Department of Safety, Health, and Environmental Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology (NYUST), 123, University Rd., Sec. 3, Douliou, Yunlin, 64002 Taiwan, ROC
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Abstract  

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), historically, due to its broad applications in the chemical industries, has caused many serious fires and explosions worldwide. Its thermal hazards may also be incurred by an incompatible reaction with other chemical materials, and a runaway reaction may be induced in the last stage. This study applied thermal analytical methods to explore the H2O2 leading to thermal accidents by incompatibility and to discuss what might be formed by the upset situations. In this study, the thermal hazard analyses were conducted with various solvents, propanone (CH3COCH3), Fe2O3, FeSO4, H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, H3PO4, NaOH, LiOH, and KOH which were deliberately selected to individually mix with H2O2 for investigating the degree of hazard. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was employed to evaluate the thermal hazard of H2O2-mixed ten chemicals. The results indicated that H2O2 is highly hazardous while separately mixed with ten materials, as a potential contaminant. Fire and explosion hazards could be successfully reduced if the safety-related data are suitably imbedded into manufacturing processes.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Language English
Size A4
Year of
Foundation
1969
Volumes
per Year
1
Issues
per Year
24
Founder Akadémiai Kiadó
Founder's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
Publisher Akadémiai Kiadó
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
Publisher's
Address
H-1117 Budapest, Hungary 1516 Budapest, PO Box 245.
CH-6330 Cham, Switzerland Gewerbestrasse 11.
Responsible
Publisher
Chief Executive Officer, Akadémiai Kiadó
ISSN 1388-6150 (Print)
ISSN 1588-2926 (Online)

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